Appending an & (ampersand) to any command run within bash will background the process.
for count in $(seq 1 10); do sleep 10m & done  12775  12776  12777  12778  12779  12780  12781  12782  12783  12784
Will background 10 processes which will simply sleep for 10 minutes. Bash will return a table of job ids and their PIDs.
To list a table which shows all background processes use the built-in
$ jobs -l
You can also use ps to list the background processes by requesting the processes which have the parent pid of your current bash shell.
$ ps -O user --ppid $$
By using ps we can refer to important information on the processes.
To connect to one of the background processes, use fg and the job id number.
$ fg 11 sleep 10m
To put job 11 back into the background you first have to suspend the process by using ^Z (Control-Z) and then running bg specifying the job id.
$ fg 11 sleep 10m ^Z + Stopped sleep 10m $ bg 11 + sleep 10m &
To put fg, bg and ^Z to practical use, lets say you were copying a large directory which was going to take a long time though you wanted to regain control of your current shell.
Suspend the current command using ^Z.
$ cp -a /media/backups/rsnapshot/hourly.0 /opt/restore ^Z + Stopped cp -a /media/backups/rsnapshot/hourly.0 /opt/restore
Background the task with bg referring to the job id in the table.
$ bg 1 + cp -a /media/backups/rsnapshot/hourly.0 /opt/restore &
Confirm the process is running with ps.
$ ps -O user --ppid $$ PID USER S TTY TIME COMMAND 19496 root D pts/11 00:00:06 cp -a /media/backups/rsnapshot/hourly.0 /opt/restore